Management: background

Photo credit: Huron Pines

Photo credit: Huron Pines

Currently, the best approach to managing non-native Phragmites is to identify and treat it before it becomes well established. Once established, non-native Phragmites is extremely difficult to remove entirely and requires a long-term management commitment. A site-based integrated pest management (IPM) strategy, including the use of multiple control methods through time (over multiple years), has been shown to be particularly effective for managing small, new stands as well as large, well-established stands. While independent management actions such as mowing or burning may seem effective, they result in short-term solutions and can actually stimulate the spread of non-native Phragmites. Successful management requires a long-term commitment, dedication of resources and an adaptive management approach. Adaptive management is an iterative process where the outcomes of each management action are evaluated and used to inform future action. Explore the other pages in this section to learn more about monitoring and management options: