Best Practices Guides

Best Practices Guides

Many organizations have produced their own guidelines for managing Phragmites. Links to those guides are below. If we’ve missed a guide, let us know!

Will the Great Lakes Phragmites Collaborative produce a best management guide? Not at this time, because many high quality guides already exist. However, lessons learned from the Phragmites Adaptive Management Framework (PAMF) will be shared when available, and those lessons may include best practices.

Best Practices for Phragmites Management

A Guide to the Control and Management of Invasive Phragmites

By the Michigan Department of Natural Resources 

Invasive Phragmites Best Management Practices

By the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources

A Landowner’s Guide to Phragmites Control 

By the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality

Best Practices for Phragmites Disposal

Michigan’s Citizen’s Guide to Invasive Plant Disposal

By the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality

Best Practices for Equipment Cleaning

Clean Equipment Protocol for Industry

By the Ontario Invasive Plant Council

Play Clean Go

Best practices for decontamination for campers, trail users, homeowners, and field workers

Sample sanitation protocol for contractors

This summarized protocol was shared with us from the Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa. For this project, the Band removed invasive Phragmites from wastewater treatment plants with native phrag. They set stringent rules for the contractors to follow when removing the Phrag, transporting it to landfill, cleaning the concrete-lined beds of Phrag material, laying down substrate and plastic sheeting on the bottom of the beds, and planting the native Phragmites. There is a 400 page document describing this protocol in detail, but this is the summary. Thank you to the Red Cliff Band for sharing this excellent work! 

VIDEO: Cleaning Boats and Equipment to Prevent Aquatic Invasive Species in Michigan

By the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality

Best Practices for Invasive Plant Management Planning

Land Manager’s Guide to Developing an Invasive Plant Management Plan

By the US Fish and Wildlife Service and California Invasive Plant Council 

Best Practices for Restoration

How to Restore Phragmites-invaded Wetlands

By Rohal et. al from Utah State University

A Manager’s Guide to Roadside Revegetation Using Native Plants

By the Federal Highway Administration (2007)

Guidelines for Determining Between Native and Non-Native Phragmites

Check out our page on Native vs. Non-native Phragmites. The following resources are also available from external sources:

Phragmites Field Guide: Distinguishing between native and exotic forms of Common Reed (Phragmites australis) in the United States

By Jil Swearingen and Kristen Saltonstall (2010)

Phragmites: Native or Not? 

By Michigan Sea Grant

VIDEO: Native or Introduced? Identification of Phragmites lineages in North America

By Dr. Kristin Saltonstall of the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (2015)

VIDEO: Dr. Dan Carter Explains How to Identify Native Phragmites

By the Southeastern Wisconsin Regional Planning Commission (2016)

General Information on Coastal Wetlands

Common Reed & Coastal Environments

By the Lake Huron Coastal Centre

Fact Sheet: A Healthy Marsh

By Michigan Sea Grant

About the Phragmites Collaborative

Great Lakes Phragmites Collaborative Fact Sheet

By the Great Lakes Commission

Other Resources:

  • The biology of Canadian weeds. Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. Ex Steud, by Drs Mal and Narine is a comprehensive review of litterature on Phragmites biology and population dynamics, historic progression in North-America, andcontrol and management strategies.
  • Read more about the Michigan Sea Grant restoration projects in Lake St. Clair coastal wetlands (St. John’s Marsh, Lake St. Clair Metropark, and Harrison Township) here. 
  • Glyphosate Fact Sheets (General & Technical): Two levels of detail on glyphosate, one of the most common herbicides used for Phragmites management, from the National Pesticide Information Center. The technical fact sheet contains information about surfactants as well.
  • Invasive Phragmites: a fact sheet developed by the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources presents the negative impacts associated with Phragmites progression and provides tips to distinguish native and non-native Phragmites.
  • Invasive Phragmites Fact Sheet by Huron Pines with biological information as well as information about control options.
  • Non-native Phragmites Fact Sheet by the Great Lakes Commission, presents an overview of the current extent of Phragmites invasion across the Great Lakes Basin, lists associated impacts and provides links to management plans and useful resources for each of the Great Lakes states and provinces.
  • Phragmites resources by the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Cities Initiative include fact sheets, external links and resolutions passed the the organization.
  • Plant Profile for Phragmites australisby the Natural Resources Conservation Service provides information on taxonomy and distribution.
  • Why Should I Care About Invasive Species? A good overview of the impacts of invasive species in the Midwest by the Midwest Invasive Plant Network (MIPN)