About PAMF

Non-native Phragmites australis is one of the most aggressive plant species invading North America and is already well established in the Great Lakes basin, along the Atlantic, Pacific, and Gulf Coasts, and around the Great Salt Lake. More about Phragmites can be found here.

Non-native Phragmites is managed using a suite of conventional approaches (e.g., herbicide, cutting/crushing, flooding, burning), but these approaches aren’t getting the job done at the landscape scale. They are resource intensive and differ in effectiveness, largely because there are uncertainties about how the plant responds to treatment given site-specific conditions and variations in how managers implement control efforts. Moreover, managers often disagree on what outcomes can be expected from Phragmites control efforts. Lastly, it is difficult to coordinate management efforts across the landscape such that we can learn from every action taken.

To address these challenges, the Great Lakes Phragmites Collaborative developed an adaptive management strategy called The Phragmites Adaptive Management Framework (PAMF). This framework will change the way Phragmites management is done throughout the Great Lakes basin and lead to approaches that maximize the effectiveness and efficiency of Phragmites management.

For more information on PAMF, please watch our video on the PAMF Participant Cycle.

PAMF Mission and Vision

PAMF 2020-2026 Strategic Plan

This strategic plan will guide successful implementation of PAMF by setting program-specific goals, objectives, and measures for the next five years. The PAMF core science team that developed the plan includes representatives from the Great Lakes Commission, U.S. Geological Survey, and University of Georgia. The core science team will evaluate the status of PAMF annually against this strategic plan. Unless otherwise stated, the plan goals, objectives, and measures are designed to be achieved at the end of the five-year plan period, and overall progress will be measured at the end of the 2025/26 PAMF cycle.

Download the full PAMF Strategic Plan here!

Outcomes of Using PAMF

  • PAMF will unite resource managers, researchers, and other stakeholders and facilitate successional learning through a collaborative information sharing system that contains an evolving and collective understanding about how to best treat Phragmites
  • PAMF will promote cooperative, transparent decision making to reduce uncertainty regarding the effectiveness of management
  • PAMF is a cost-and time-efficient way to address a large, regional-scale problem
PAMF Cycle Summary

PAMF 2019/20 Cycle Summary

View the 2019/20 PAMF cycle summary here!

View the 2018/19 PAMF cycle summary here!

View the 2017/18 PAMF cycle summary here!

PAMF Science Advisory Team

Great Lakes Commission

Samantha Tank
PAMF Coordinator
Senior Program Specialist
Great Lakes Commission
[email protected]

Erika Jensen
Executive Director
Great Lakes Commission
[email protected]

Patrick Canniff
Program Specialist
Great Lakes Commission
[email protected]

Theresa Gruninger
Program Specialist
Great Lakes Commission
[email protected]

U.S. Geological Survey

Kurt Kowalski
Research Wetland Ecologist
USGS – Great Lakes Science Center
[email protected]

Clinton Moore
Unit Leader (Acting), Adjunct Associate Professor, Wildlife Ecology and Management
USGS – Georgia Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Unit
[email protected]

Christine Dumoulin
USGS – Eastern Ecological Science Center
[email protected]

Taaja Tucker
USGS – Great Lakes Science Center
[email protected]

University of Georgia

Chuck Bargeron
Senior Public Service Associate & Co-Director
Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health (Bugwood)
[email protected]


Technical Working Group

Technical Working Group

PAMF was developed by a Core Science Team composed of researchers and staff at the USGS, University of Georgia, and the Great Lakes Commission. The Core Science Team worked closely with a Technical Working Group (TWG), which was made up of experts in Phragmites management representing different stakeholder values, priorities, and perspectives.  Involving the TWG at an early stage ensured that the final framework reflected the needs and objectives of end-users. Members of the TWG remain involved in PAMF today.  Although their roles have changed, these individuals continue to volunteer their time and offer their advice and expertise.  PAMF could not exist without them.

We would like to acknowledge the following individuals and organizations:

Linda Nelson, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Greg Norwood, Michigan Department of Natural Resources – Wildlife Division
Anne Garwood, Michigan Department of Environmental Quality
Jennifer Dunn, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Tom Arbour, Ohio Division of Natural Areas and Preserves
Jason Granberg, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources
Jason Hill, Ducks Unlimited
Janice Gilbert, Wetland Ecologist, Invasive Phragmites Control Centre
Bobbie Webster, University of Wisconsin Green Bay, Cofrin Center for Biodiversity
Rebecca Rooney, University of Waterloo, Department of Biology
Bob Williams, Clay Township Phragmites Advisory Board Stewart Farm Ecology Center, Director 
Lisa Brush, The Stewardship Network
Jake Bonello, U.S. Fish and Wildlife ServiceKlamath Basin National Wildlife Refuge Complex

Additional Resources

This brochure provides a short overview of PAMF and highlights several benefits the program can provide. Please contact us for print copies.

Please browse through this factsheet series to access additional information about PAMF.







There are multiple tools available to help managers make the best Phragmites management decisions possible. In addition to PAMF, you may have also heard of the MONDRIAN management support tool. Check out this comparison document to learn the differences between the two tools.


Anyone managing non-native Phragmites in the Great Lakes basin can participate in PAMF. Click the button below to get started! 


Please contact: Samantha Tank, Great Lakes Commission at [email protected]